Eagle Times Bulletin

  • 2017-2018 School year begins Monday, August 28, 2017

Mysteries of the Arctic

Mathew Slye, writer

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With glacial winds and lands blanketed by snow, the Arctic houses one of the most unique environments on Earth. The Arctic represents home to many creatures, people, and vegetation adapting to the area’s frigid temperatures. Unlike mild and temperate climates, this region exists as one of the world’s coldest, since it locates on the continent’s most northern parts.

Instead of having long, hot summers and short, mild winters, the Arctic climate consists of long, freezing winters and short cool summers. Temperatures can range from -10 to 10℃ (14 to 50℉) during the summers and below -50℃ (-58℉) throughout the winter. These severely low temperatures shroud some Arctic areas in ice year-round, yet many animal species survive these frigid conditions.

Many animals dwell here despite the harsh conditions. With various adaptations, these animals can survive and thrive within the Arctic climate. Layers of fur, one of the most common of these adaptations, provide most animals warmth and protection from the winter temperatures.

The Arctic may seem inhabitable for vegetation owing to the severe conditions. Nevertheless, blanketed by snow and growing close to ground, plants can resist and tolerate extreme polar temperatures and biting wind.  Because of these conditions, it seems that vegetation does not exist here, but the snow masks what lies beneath.

Notwithstanding its inhospitable environment, the Arctic also has a sizable number of natural resources. A plethora of oil, gas, minerals, fresh water, and fish exist here. This expands economic opportunities for Russia and increases the tourist industry for those who want to explore this continent.

Global warming has also affected the Arctic. Such outcomes include rising temperatures, loss of sea ice, and Greenland ice sheet melting. Methane release from the region stands as another world concern because of diminished atmospheric oxygen.

The Arctic, haven to a beautiful landscape, takes up the world’s most northern parts. From its discovery to the present, people still conduct research there with a minuscule number of people inhabiting this immensely cold land. The Arctic holds a gate to an alluring region with many more of its mysteries waiting for discovery.

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The School Bulletin of New Caney High School
Mysteries of the Arctic